There is currently a mini-movement underway in scholarship to whitewash the Spanish Jesuit conflict with the indigenous peoples of Guåhan and its sister islands, led by the modern-day Jesuit Francis Hezel.
I first encountered Francis Hezel when he gave a presentation at the Marianas History Conference on “The Spanish-Chamorro Wars.” His argument sought to minimize any negative impact or intimidation that the Spanish might have caused to the Chamorro people by invading their island with military force, burning villages, executing Chamorro people for what most people today would consider petty or negligible offenses, and forcing them to convert to Catholicism.
Francis Hezel argued that the presence of guns did not constitute intimidation. He argued that probably no one was forced to convert to Catholicism.
He argued that the actual military conflicts between the Spanish and Chamorro people — using only Spanish records as his research sources — were negligible.
I suppose the key word here is “negligible.” This calls for a researched, culturally rooted response. In Destiny’s Landfall, Rogers speaks of “a bewildering and lethal psychodrama of the forgiving church and the intolerable military” which he attributes to San Vitores, along with “massive tragedy through wars and epidemics.”
It is very difficult to square what I know of the massacres and burned villages on Guåhan with Hezel’s desire to exculpate those old Spanish figures. One cannot with any degree of historical accuracy extricate the Jesuit priests, even those who sometimes advocated less violence toward the Chamorro people, from their undeniable entanglement with the Spanish military. I can only attribute Hezel’s perspective to religious bias. It doesn’t seem to be rooted in the historical record.
The image that accompanies this post is originally from the World of Warcraft, and is called the Acolyte of Pain in the Hearthstone spinoff game. San Vitores is known for practicing forms of self-mutilation and discipline, including the cilice (a crown-of-thorns-type band) and self-flagellation. This is usually glossed as a Catholic spiritual tradition of promoting faith and inner strength, but I see it differently. Such hatred of the flesh, of one’s own flesh, of the fleshly world. Such distance and distraction. Obsession, hatred, desire, starvation. I do not pity such people, per se. They have perverted the very meaning of what it is to be human.
“Acolytes (also known as ‘the Damned’) are human beings who have given themselves over to the power of the Lich King and Scourge. These bitter, fanatical men and women will stop at nothing to promote the Lich King’s will and maintain the secrecy and dominance of the Cult of the Damned. They view their own deaths and the possibility of becoming undead as the ultimate rewards for service to Ner’zhul.” (Vanilla WoW Wiki)
San Vitores sought nothing more than his own death as the ultimate reward for service to